Friday, November 11, 2016

Deciduous broadleaf forests

Deciduous broadleaf forest is the representative vegetation type in the humid temperate zone of Monsoon Asia. It covers the range of latitude from 30° to 50° N on the eastern coast of the Eurasian Continent and the islands of the Pacific Ocean.

Deciduous trees or shrubs shed leaves once a year, prior to the season when cold or dry conditions would not favor growth.

Kira’s system is fundamentally a classification based on thermal climate:
*The cool temperate mixed broadleaf/conifer forest (CMF) occurs in the coldest areas on temperate Monsoon Asia
*Cool temperate deciduous forest (CDF)
*Warm temperate deciduous forests. In this area, summer is warm enough, but winter is too cold

In North America, important components of the deciduous broadleaf forest are yellow buckeye (Aesculus octandra), sugar maple (Acer saccharum), Americna beech (Fagus grandifolia), cucumber magnolia (Magnolia acuminata), yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), white oak (Quercus alba) and white basswood (Tilia heterophylla).

The Appalachian Plateau and the Greta Smokey Mountain preserve the greatest doversoty of temperate broadleaf forest where beech mix with maples, birch, ash, hornbeam and chestnut, with a wide range of understory trees.
Deciduous broadleaf forests
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